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Peace Agreement Eritrea Ethiopia

“It is important to remember that there is no formal peace treaty between Ethiopia and Eritrea. Border controls have been reintroduced. Discussions on economic cooperation and port use have stalled. Susan Stigant and Payton Knopf discuss what prompted Ethiopia and Eritrea to sign their recent peace agreement, how to improve economic and humanitarian conditions in both countries, and what other strategic and regional consequences this will have on the Horn of Africa and the Red Sea. To understand this rather original attitude of the Eritrean government and the lack of reaction from Addis Ababa, we must go back to the conditions under which peace was concluded and to the Ethiopian political dynamics that have developed since the new Prime Minister Abiy Ahmed took office in April 2018, who won the Nobel Peace Prize in December 2019 for ending a “20-year war” between the two countries. Abiy was accompanied by Workneh Gebeyehu, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Muferiat Kamil, Spokesperson of the House of Representatives of The Peoples, Keria Ibrahim, Spokesperson of the House of Representatives, and Seyoum Awol, President of the Afar region. [30] Debretsion Gebremichael, President of the Tigray Region and head of the TPLF, who criticized the peace process, was particularly absent. “We expect much more from this peace agreement. If we see it intermittently, it has been more than two years, so we should have seen many of the fruits of the peace agreement.

But what happens on the ground is actually the opposite,” Selam said. Heads of state and government and organizations across Africa and the world welcomed the success of the summit and expressed support for the peace process between the two countries. Nothing expresses more clearly the critical dimension of peace between the two countries of the Horn of Africa than the comparison of tweets, on 9 July 2020, the Minister of Information, Yemane Gebre Meskel, was published in Asmara on the anniversary of the peace treaty between Eritrea and Ethiopia in English and Tigrinya.1 For English-speaking readers, the Eritrean regime welcomed the peace agreement and expressed hope for enhanced cooperation with Addis Ababa. For those who read Tigrinya, that is, a large part of the Eritrean population and the neighbouring Ethiopian Tigray, everything remains to be done: the peace agreement is a great disappointment and foreign forces (i.e. Ethiopian) are still present on the national territory. Stigant: The Horn of Africa is undergoing a tectonic transition. But things are far from settled. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) welcomed the strengthening of Eritrea`s regional engagement, including the Joint Declaration of Ethiopia-Somalia-Eritrea, but has not yet returned Eritrea as an active and regular participant in the Regional Organization after a 12-year absence. An agreement could be reached in the coming months on a new IGAD presidency (Ethiopia has been in office for more than a decade), but the delay shows how sensitive regional policy remains. Many congratulate the 41-year-old Ethiopian Prime Minister for accelerating the pace of peace negotiations and changing his tone and direction. The Eritrean government says a peace deal with Ethiopia is in good shape in 2018 and that despite the efforts of critics, it has made progress to present it as a stalled failure.

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