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Doha Peace Agreement Darfur

In addition to the obligation of the parties to the Agreement to ensure that all persons enjoy and exercise all the rights and freedoms enshrined therein, the document provides for the establishment of a number of important institutions to facilitate the peacebuilding process. These institutions include the National Human Rights Commission, the Darfur Regional Authority, the Judicial Service Commission and the Truth, Justice and Reconciliation Commission (see articles 1, 10, 58). Its main tasks are to protect and promote human rights, to ensure the representation of the people of Darfur in their national judicial institutions and to provide them with adequate compensation for cases of maladministration suffered. Another body, the Special Tribunal for Darfur, has been responsible since February 2003 for serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law in Darfur (article 59). It should be noted that the document pays particular attention to the protection of victims and witnesses involved in judicial proceedings. According to YWAM spokesman Mutasim Saleh, the first signing took place on Friday in Addis Ababa, the Ethiopian capital, in the presence of Mousa El Faki, the Secretary-General of the African Union. This meant the end of a two-day series of meetings during which the future of the Darfur peace process and the obstacles ahead, represented in the pre-negotiation agreement and the cessation of hostilities, as well as the track for negotiations, in accordance with the African Union Mediation Roadmap (AUHIP), were discussed. Through those efforts, said the delegate from Côte d`Ivoire, the Sudan had shown its readiness to support UNAMID. He called on the authorities to ensure that the status of the military agreement is respected so that the mission can fulfil its mandate. More broadly, the delegate of Equatorial Guinea expressed support for increased support for the peace process, facilitated by the high-level implementing body of the African Union, and efforts to bring the parties to the negotiating table.

The JEM spokesman said in a statement that a pre-negotiation agreement would follow if the government agreed to amend the agreement. Radio Dabanga understands that this amendment was tabled because both sides do not want to talk about the problems of Darfur or Sudan, but about the issues of democracy, economy, etc., which emanate from Khartoum. Democratic processes have been defined for the people of Darfur to choose their leaders and determine their status as a region.

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